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Video Speculation
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Purpose: Video Speculation helps students with listening. It also forces students to use intuitive guesswork.

Info: This activity has students watch a video clip, but with half the screen covered. They gather visual and auditory information in order to construct the missing contents.


Step One: Before the start of the lesson, the teacher selects a short video clip. Two or three minutes of material works best, as the teacher plays the clip many times. Longer clips mean less time for discussion. When selecting the clip, the teacher should also consider the level of ability of the students.

Step Two: In the classroom, the teacher arranges students into small groups. Throughout the activity, students remain in these groups for speculation and discussion.

Step Three: The teacher writes the title of the program or movie on the board. If it's a well-known program or movie, students may spend several minutes in their groups discussing what it's about, who's in it, and so on. A program or movie that isn't so well known requires the teacher to provide some background information.

Step Four: The teacher covers half of the TV screen with paper or cardboard. When he plays the clip, students must consider the actions/contents off screen for comprehension.

Step Five: After students have watched the clip, they speculate on the contents for five minutes. Of course, they should also support their opinions.

Step Six: The teacher plays the clip once more. Students confirm and correct their assumptions in a group discussion. Less time may be allotted for the discussion here, about three minutes.

Step Seven: The teacher moves the paper/cardboard to the other half of the TV screen. Students watch the clip once more, linking what was previously missing with what they remember from the initial viewings.

Step Eight: The students discuss the clip in groups.

Step Nine: The teacher removes the paper/cardboard and plays the clip once more. If necessary, the teacher may ask several comprehension questions to the class.